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    Diese Webseite verwendet Cookies. Einige davon sind für grundlegende. Alle ein bis zwei Monate schickt die Freiburger Verkehrs AG einen ' Erlebniswagen' unter dem Motto 'Freiburgs Bühne auf der Schiene' in das Stadtbahnnetz. Tickets kaufen - Monatskarten & Abos - WelcomeKarte -.

    Freiburg is known as an "eco-city". The newly built neighbourhoods of Vauban and Rieselfeld were developed and built according to the idea of sustainability.

    The citizens of Freiburg are known in Germany for their love of cycling and recycling. In June , the Freiburg city council adopted a resolution that it would permit construction only of " low-energy buildings " on municipal land, and all new buildings must comply with certain "low energy" specifications.

    Low-energy housing uses solar power passively as well as actively. Freiburg is a center of academia and research with numerous intellectual figures and Nobel Laureates having lived, worked, and taught there.

    The city houses one of the oldest and most renowned of German universities, the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg , as well as its medical center.

    Freiburg belonged to Austria until and because of this stayed Catholic, even though surrounding villages like Haslach, Opfingen, Tiengen, and the surrounding land ruled by the Margrave of Baden turned Protestant as a result of the Reformation.

    The city was part of the Diocese of Konstanz until Due to a dispute between the government of Baden and the Holy See , the archbishop officially took office in The borders of the archdiocese correspond with the borders of the former province of Baden and the former Margraviate of Hohenzollern.

    The cathedral, in which the Bishop resides, is Freiburg Minster. Also part of the ecclesiastical province of Freiburg are the suffragan dioceses of Mainz and Rottenburg-Stuttgart.

    Until the dioceses of Limburg and Fulda also belonged to this ecclesiastical province. The Archbishop of Freiburg holds the title of metropolitan and the German headquarters of the Caritas International is in Freiburg.

    Saint George the flag of Freiburg has the cross of George , Lambert of Maastricht and the catacomb saint, Alexander , are the patron saints of Freiburg.

    Many works of art depicting these saints are in the Freiburg Minster, on the Minster square, just as in the museums and archives of the city, including some by Hans Baldung Grien , Hans Holbein the Younger and Gregorius Sickinger.

    In , with the attack of Breisgau on the Grand Duchy of Baden by a Catholic ruler, many Protestants moved into the city.

    There are multiple other free protestant churches: The Catholic Church of St. Jews are said to have lived in the city before , but it was only after that they supposedly founded an official community in the Webergasse a small street within the city center.

    The counts of Freiburg bought the lucrative Schutzjude , which means that all personal information on Jews living in Freiburg was directly sent to Konrad II and his co-reigning son Friedrich.

    The two issued a comprising letter promising safety and liberty to all local Jews on 12 October It lost all value shortly after, however, on 1 January Even though the plague had not yet broken out in the city, Jews were accused of having spread it and taken into custody.

    All Jewish people with the exception of pregnant women were burned alive on 31 January The remaining children were forced to be baptized.

    This pogrom left Jews very hesitant to settle in the city again. In the city council decreed a regulation to ban all Jews from Freiburg orig. Middle High German dialect: This was also officially reaffirmed by King Sigismund with a ban for life orig.

    It was only in that Jews were once again allowed permanent residence within the city. They subsequently founded a Jewish community in At the Kristallnacht in , the synagogue, built in , was set afire.

    Numerous shops and apartments of jewish citizen of Freiburg were devastated and plundered by National Socialists without the intervention of police or fire department.

    Male, wealthy, Jewish citizens were kidnapped and taken into protective custody in concentration camps in Buchenwald and Dachau in order to force them to migrate and to aryanize their fortune.

    One among many collecting points was Annaplatz. The first one was inserted into the ground in front of the Vordtriede-Haus Freiburg in and the second one in front of the Basler Hof, the regional authorities, in spring This was also the seat of the Gestapo until , where unrelenting people were cruelly interrogated, held prisoner or at worst [ citation needed ] deported.

    The only solutions were flight or emigration. The Vordtriede family , however, was lucky and escaped in time. Freiburg has an extensive pedestrian zone in the city centre where no motor cars are allowed.

    Freiburg also has an excellent public transport system, operated by the city-owned VAG Freiburg. The backbone of the system is the Freiburg tramway network , supplemented by feeder buses.

    Freiburg is on the main Frankfurt am Main - Basel railway line , with frequent and fast long-distance passenger services from the Freiburg Hauptbahnhof to major German and other European cities.

    Other railway lines run east into the Black Forest and west to Breisach. The line to Breisach is the remaining stub of the Freiburg—Colmar international railway , severed in when the railway bridge over the Rhine at Breisach was destroyed, and was never replaced.

    The city also is served by the A5 Frankfurt am Main - Basel motorway. The nearby Flugplatz Freiburg , a small airfield in the Messe, Freiburg district, lacks commercial service but is used for private aviation.

    Car share websites such as Mitfahrgelegenheit are commonly used among Freiburg residents, since they are considered relatively safe.

    Freiburg is home to football teams SC Freiburg , which plays at the Schwarzwald-Stadion and is represented in the 1. Bundesliga since , and Freiburger FC , German championship winner of In , SC Freiburg got promoted to the highest league for the fifth time in its club history.

    The club became generally known in Germany for its steady staffing policy. Achim Stocker was president of the club from until his death in Longtime coach was Volker Finke , to whose initiative the football school of the club goes back.

    In , SC Freiburg celebrated its th anniversary. The eleven trams are generally only used on weekdays. At the beginning of the s, Freiburg was looking for modern low-floor trams.

    For this reason, it was a good idea to order a series of 26 GT8Y with a low-floor share of 48 percent in to start the Haid route. The purchase price was 4 million Deutsche Mark each.

    At the same time, the last remaining GT4s were decommissioned. For more than 20 years of operation, there were some instances of rusting, but this has been eradicated since they were modernised in In addition, Cegelec replaced the electronics including two new liquid crystal displays in the centre cabin and replacing the seat cushions.

    In early , , , and were being modernised and therefore were not in use. After a test phase in , during which time operation on line 3 was limited, trams that had been modernised were running on lines 2 and 5 from March When the route to Rieselfeld and Haslach had been opened, the need for trams continued to rise.

    The first seven-part bi-directional trams were delivered in Because of serious design deficiencies, all Combinos had to be withdrawn from circulation in Some screws had become loose and had to be resolved, causing considerably restricted operation.

    The reason behind this, which occurred worldwide, was a false calculation of the body. Erroneous values were calculated on high-floored units.

    Tram was artificially aged in order to gain more insights into the strength of the bodies. The refurbishment of the Combinos continued until , but now and are fully operational once more.

    Originally, only nine were planned, while car was delivered as a replacement for the scrapped Combino. The seven-part bi-directional trams differed from their predecessors by having a rounder-shaped head.

    The entire passenger section was air-conditioned. In the Combino Basics, this was only in the cab. On 4 February , the Spanish company CAF was awarded the contract to produce twelve 43 metre long seven-sectioned bi-directional trams.

    The first tram was numbered and arrived on 17 March Delivery of the second series, numbers to was between February and July The following rail cars were procured for trams, which are currently no longer used for regular services.

    Until , the company only had access to two-axle or short four-axle maximum rail cars, and from this year onwards, only articulated trams.

    On the other hand, large-scale units were never used in Freiburg. All previously cancelled units were high-floored. In the months of May to September, the route between Paduaallee and Stadthalle took place on the first Saturday of the month, and stops at all intermediate stations could be used free of charge.

    After decommissioning, given to Halle tramway. Used in Lodz from to , later scrapped or used for spare parts. Originally, the departmental trams were numbered up from From , a grinder tram, sold in to Halberstadt.

    The general paintwork for all municipal trams in was yellow with brown side panels made of teak. Advertisement was strictly rejected since otherwise "the elegance of the tram" would suffer considerably.

    We do not deny the effectiveness of advertising on our trams, but we doubt that it will contribute to the increase in tourism, when posters are placed on the wage, with the recommendation of water, alcohol-free drinks, cigarettes etc.

    There was only a lull in the ban on advertising during the economic crisis of July Since them, internal commercial advertising was tentatively approved.

    On the basis of strong criticism from the citizens and the directorate of the trams, which advertised on the exterior as "speckled and striped monsters", the cit took over the jurisdiction from and decided in a voted in a concept of tram advertisement.

    This earmarked that urban enterprises should be given the opportunity to advertise on the inside of the trams and that the exterior should be left as a compromise.

    As a result, another form of vehicle advertising was established in The first customer of such a reclaiming tram was the Sarrasani Circus.

    Lord Mayor Wolfgang Hoffman introduced the advertising on side-mounted roof-mounted signs in and announced that he would finance an additional bus service every year.

    From now on, roof plates have been installed on all vehicle generations up the GT8N series and are still used today as an advertising platform.

    These areas were in the Rhine-Ruhr area, but also Frankfurt and Nuremberg. Gradually, the older vehicles were repainted. The Combinos are predominantly painted in red.

    In terms of the Combino Basics, there are white stropes between the driver cabins above and below the windows. The Combino Advanced has a black stripe, with a white strop over it and white doors.

    In , GT8N was painted to give this vehicle a more modern look. A characteristic of the new design are the light grey base and the red "VAG tail".

    The tram remained a single place and the painting was now partly removed for a whole advertisement. Whilst the GT8Z were being renovated, since October , several trams of this series have been given a new paint finish, which is based on the paintwork seen on the Urbos.

    The basic colours of red and white were maintained and supplemented by black stripes. The first series of two-axle railcars from could transport 31 passengers.

    Inside the tram there were two wooden horizontal benches, which together accommodated for 16 people. The large side windows could be darkened with curtains.

    The lighting and handrails for standing passengers were attached to the tram deck. In , three matching side cars were put into operation.

    In contrast to previous vehicles, a conversion into an open salon carriage was possible. For this purpose, the glass panes framed with bronze could be completely put into the parapet.

    In addition, the new trailers were equipped with fold-able arm rests and spring-loaded padding for the first time. The multi-purpose trams, the Sputnik articulate trams and the GT4 in two-way design were fitted with seats made from the inexpensive wooden material of Durofol.

    In contrast, the used trams from Stuttgart were equipped with artificial leather seats. The seating in the Sputniks, obtained in , was arranged for the first time facing the direction of travel.

    The fold-able seats on the inside also facilities access to the side of the tram. The first two GT8 series had seats made of plastic , while trams purchased since were equipped with fabric upholstery.

    This only includes the seat surface for the GT8N, while the rear surfaces were also padded. Initially, the , square metre site served exclusively as a depot for buses, but was designed from the outset for a later takeover by the tram networtk.

    Today, all the workshops and administration conducted by the VAG are located at this site next to large storage areas for buses and trams.

    The depot, which used to offer space for a good 50 vehicles, was expended by a further 17 bays in to create additional capacities for the Urbos.

    The southern depot located in the district of Wiehre has existed since and was until one of the two regular depots for the network.

    The erection of this depot was not included in the building contract of the network, but was taken over the municipal building authority. The art nouveau buildings were expanded in and around a rear house and an intermediate building.

    In addition, the car hall, which was initially designed for 35 vehicles, was supplemented by a further storage hall, so that 77 vehicles could be stationed after it was converted.

    After the second building had been opened at the northern depot, only five course cars and buses served the depot. After the new western depot was connecting to the network in , the depot lost he last remaining regular scheduled services.

    The eastern hall now serves the local fire brigade. As a result of the continuous expansion of the fleet due to greater usage, the southern depot reached its full capacity limits in the s.

    The five-tracked hall offered space for 30 two-axle trams. From then on, a large proportion of new trams were delivered to the northern depot, since the depot was much better connected to the road and rail network in comparison to the southern depot.

    The embankment to the railway station was also nearby. On 15 April , the second storage unit was put into operation, which could accommodate 48 additional two-axle vehicles.

    After the western depot opened, the northern depot lost its importance. Until , the GT8K was still used as a standstill in the storage rooms before the building was demolished in to allow for residential development of the site.

    The company stationed work vehicles on site and kept a scrap yard where dismantled carriages broken up. In the s, the yard was closed down and railway connections dismantled.

    An opening is scheduled for The crossing at the Hauptbahnhof is a problem because the existing underpass can not be used for this route.

    A sub-tunnelling of this section with an underground station at Hauptbahnhof Nord or a bridge could be a possibility. In April , representative of the CDU and the Greens based in Gundelfingen launched a cross-party public opinion poll on the further development of the tramway.

    Such an extension is still being demanded for, [] however it is not included in the action plan until Georgen Kirche to Langgasse. For the second stage, there are five route variants.

    This route does not open up new areas, but creates the possibility of establishing new tangential lines, which could play an important role with the Stadtbahn for St.

    The future district of Dietenbach is also to be connected to the tram network. In the long-term, the following new stretches of line are also planned [].

    The tram network in Freiburg traverses three historic city gates. At the Schwabentor at the end of the 19th century, there were talks to discuss demolishing the Schwabentor, however it was decided to broaden and expand it.

    After the Second World War, this was teriurnd to its original state. This was the case until , when Basel extended its network to Weil am Rhein.

    For this reason, the GT8s were equipped with all-wheel drive. Media related to Trams in Freiburg at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

    It has been suggested that GT8 be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since August November , abgerufen am Wo fuhr einst Freiburgs erster Omnibus?

    Badische Zeitung, 6 Februar ; retrieved, 13 June Januar , abgerufen am Die Zeit vor der Stadtbahn. Planungen und Streckenerweiterungen zwischen und Einzug des Fahrpersonals und erstmalige Anstellung von Frauen.

    Caristasverlag, Freiburg im Breisgau , S. Die Zeit nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg. Das Gasthaus an den Gleisen.

    Februar , abgerufen am Geschichte der Stadt Freiburg im Breisgau. Als die Tram zum Kirchplatz fuhr. Mai , abgerufen am Die Tempomacher — Freie Fahrt ins Chaos.

    Wir halten Freiburg in Bewegung seit April , abgerufen am Oktober , abgerufen am April , Seite 4 , abgerufen am Wieder Weichenbruch am Bertoldsbrunnen — im Juni kommt die Generalsanierung.

    Juni , abgerufen am Ein Jahr Nachtverkehr mit Bus und Bahn: Dezember , abgerufen am For the purpose of revocation of consent, a corresponding link is found in each newsletter.

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    Within the inner city, the operating company introduced a uniform tariff of ten pfennigs in Passengers were asked to keep their money readily available for payment when they disembarked and give it to the conductor.

    This then brought the trip time down to 10 minutes. In order to further increase capacity on this route, three more summer trailers were put into operation in the same year [11].

    Soon, the first extensions were installed. At the beginning of the summer schedule in by Alter Messplatz, also called Bleicheweg, was added to the loop at Stadthalle - the first terminal loop in Freiburg.

    The name of the area of Waldsee emerged much later. In the following year, the two-track expansion of lines B and C, with the exception of the short single-track section between Bleicheweg and Waldsee, was completed.

    The route was designed to be double-tracked right from the start for five-minute cycles. The new Line 5 operated on a ten-minute cycle and used the "Blue Bridge" to cross the main railway line.

    In addition, four other stretches of track were already being planned, but could not be implemented because of the First World War.

    The planners had hoped for a quick connection to the tourist friendly Southern Black Forest. During the First World War, a large part of the workforce was conscripted for military service.

    Of the staff, which originally consisted of employees, only eight of them were retained. As a result, women were employed for the first time by the Armed Forces from After the war had broken out, the tram network was needed to transport the wounded to numerous lazaretto s across the city.

    The trams intended for transporting injured people were waiting for the lazaretto trains at the loading stations.

    The carriages and sidecarriages were able to transport twelve heavy wounds. The company therefore procured ten freight trucks and rebuilt the three open summer carts The connection still existed until the start of the s, when the GT8K motor coaches were delivered to Freiburg via a partially four-lane line.

    In addition, the company pushed the two-track expansion of existing routes. During the war, a severe accident occurred immediately after an air attack on the level crossroads at Hellentalbahn.

    On 12 October around 9: The tram numbered 32 and the booth were smashed, the driver was severely injured. The conductor and the only passenger escaped with only minor injuries.

    In the same year, the colour coding of lines was also introduced in order to facilitate the orientation to the passengers. Because of the Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic , daily passenger numbers decreased from 40, in to under 3, in At the same time, the price for a one-way journey increased from 15 pfennigs to billion Reichsmark.

    Thus, the tram became increasingly unattractively and an adjustment of the whole enterprise was imminent. Line 6 was discontinued on 16 October and the cycles of the other lines waned.

    The situation only improved when the Rentenmark was introduced in November In , a further extension went into operation in the suburb of Littenweiler, which had been incorporated in It was to be opened in the same year as the Merger treaty and was one of the reasons for the community giving up its independence.

    After the line was extended to Littenweiler, the garden city of Waldsee, which had only been established after the First World War, also profited. It closed the settlement gap between the Wiehre and Littenweiler and therefore from the beginning had a connection with Freiburg city centre.

    In the same year, the first motor bus from Freiburg was set up from Hohenzollernplatz to Betzenhausen. In , the operating company built the last part of the new stretch of track between Rennweg and Komturplatz, where a second depot was opened at the same time.

    The company also planned a four-kilometre long new stretch of track to connect the mountain railway network to the tram network. From , members of the SA and the SS as well as members of the Hitler Youth received a tariff reduction by one unit price of ten Reichspfennigs on any route.

    Jews were forbidden from using public trams. On 8 November , the facilitating of operations in a southern direction led to a relief for the tram network.

    As a result, the level crossing was no longer in use. The neutralisation of the railway also affected the tram network.

    From to , the annual number of passengers doubled to more than ten million passengers as a motorised private transport almost came to a standstill as a result of the crude oil crisis.

    However, no new vehicles could be procured. In , the city council decided to introduce the trolley bus as a third mode of urbanised transport after diesel had become scarce to operate buses.

    Georgen and, optionally, the second tram network had to be changed over to the entire tram network. Construction began with the setting of the first overhead mast on 1 August As a result of the Second World War, there were delays to the overhead line material and ordered vehicles.

    After the war, construction was not continued. During the air attack on Freiburg on 27 November , several vehicles as well as half of the overhead network were destroyed.

    Amongst others, rail car 1 was destroyed at the railway depot, car 7 by detonations in the Nord depot and two sets of carriages from vehicle 53 and the side carriage of in front of the City Theatre.

    Carriage 44 and side carriage were hit at Bismarckallee. A further 26 vehicles were badly damaged by the bombs. From 15 April onwards, all trams were stopped as the electrical crossing had been destroyed during the war.

    Line 5 was interrupted by bombing on the Blue Bridge until From 1 September , a shuttle service had been established.

    Reconstruction plans included numerous varieties of trams. Ultimately, it was decided to maintain the original routes in order to preserve the accessibility and importance to the city centre.

    A changeover to trolley bus operation was always critically seen by planners after it failed to start during the Second World War.

    The trolley bus operation in a densely built city centre can never reach the performance of a railroad. Until , additional services were provided after evening shows at Theater Freiburg , the so-called "Theaterwagen".

    The lack of managers and desire to save jobs led to the commissioning of the so-called "Sputnik trams", which were named after the first artificial earth satellite in They had the same capacity as a two-axle carriage and side carriage but could be handled by one conductor using a one-way embarking and disembarking system.

    They were also the first Freiburg uni-directional vehicles but could only be used on Line 4. A provisional triangular junction had been set up at the terminus station at Littenweiler.

    They had already been using the turning loop instigated in at the other end of the commuter station.

    Another novelty of the early s were the three-car coaches, consisting of a motor coach and two side carriages.

    At the end of , the operating company closed Line 5 for "economic and traffic reasons" and replaced it with the then bus line H. The reason for the decommissioning was, among other things, the poor introduction into the traffic area.

    A conversion to a more efficient route with its own railway body was therefore not possible. In addition, modern traction units could not be used on the curvy track.

    Thus, as in the early days, there were only four lines. In order to spare the cumbersome marshalling operation at the triangular junction of line 4, the VAG installed a turning loop at Littenweiler.

    The old loop at Komturplatz did increasingly prove to be a hindrance to traffic because of the cramped situation. By shortening the track in Littenweiler, the network had shrunk by almost 30 percent within a few years, from In , the city tram produced their first unmanned traction coaches with a red "S" on a white background.

    However, due to safety reasons, the side cars and most of the older units had to continue to operate on the basis of their manually operated doors.

    Nevertheless, individual units which had been procured before were also adapted for one-man operation. On 1 and 2 February , the so-called Freiburg price struggles provided nationwide attention.

    At that time, some 2, people protested against price increases, occupied Bertoldsbrunnen and thereby stopped all trams.

    Their resistance however was unsuccessful. Whilst many other cities discussed the decommissioning of trams, Freiburg tended to maintain and modernise towards the end of the s.

    In , due to the above-average urban planning to the west, a first general traffic plan was adopted. New buildings formed a decisive approach to promote the maintenance and expansion of inner-city tram transport.

    In , a first small series of modern eight-axle articulated trams manufactured by Dueweg came into use with a view to further expansion. They could also be operated single handed and transport exactly as many passengers as the mutli-staffed three-car or four axle units with two-axle side cars.

    In the same year, however, a rationalisation commission was convened, which was to examine a complete changeover to bus operation. This is one thing, however, one can completely ignore nowadays: In the future, they will be increasingly degraded in our cities.

    The municipal council finally confirmed the general public transport plan of with a large majority in Especially for the western districts, they still sensed a connection with trams was more sensible.

    In contrast to the recent trend, motorised traffic from the Old City was forbidden and only trams were allowed. At the same time, the existing stretch across the Schwabentorring had bene restored.

    The reason for this measure was the comparatively smaller width of the Schwabentorring, which did not have enough space for a separate track unit and two lanes for traffic.

    The additional possibility of the so-called Schwabentor loop was also considered through this neutralisation.

    Due to the connection between the older and newer routes, trams heading towards the city centre from Littenweiler could be reversed before they reached Schwabentor.

    On 9 December , a new stretch of line was opened heading towards Padauallee is seen as the start of the city railway era.

    Since then, the new stop of Hauptbahnhof main train station has enabled direct access to the railway lines. In the same year, the VAG increased the voltage from volts to the conventional volts of direct current.

    When Line 5 was introduced, a larger line network took place as did the individual colour coding of the routes. These were now visible in the form of roll signs on each tram.

    Line 1 replaced Line 4 as the main line, with the newly introduced circle routed Line 3, there was also a second line on which trams could be used.

    At about the same time, a nationwide debate began concerning the introduction of a cost-effective and transferable "environmental protection monthly ticket", based on the system used in Basel , where it had been operational since 1 March and quickly adopted in other Swiss cities such as Bern and Zurich.

    Many German transport companies, including VAG, did not fit into the concept of its high publicity. They were supported by the former Association of German Transport Companies, the municipal top associations and large sections of the scientific community who frequently and repeatedly warned against the introduction of these tickets.

    On 24 July , the municipal council decided to introduce the first "environmental protection monthly ticket" despite the VAG rejecting the proposal.

    This system started in October This move of introducing a cost-effective and transferable monthly ticket led to a rise in passenger numbers by 12 percent in and by 23 percent the following year, this meant by five million to Despite the considerable price reduction, the VAG made an increase of , Deutsche Mark in alone.

    In addition, the Transport Community of Freiburg was founded in , together with the rural districts of Emmendingen and Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald , leading to Freiburg not complying with the norm of having multiple tariff zones but instead had only one.

    The passenger increase by almost a quarter within a few months was able to be managed relatively well by the readily-available tram units.

    The reason for this was because of the conversion to the Stadtbahn in Stuttgart replacing trams. They were, therefore, the first and only used trams in the history of VAG to be purchased.

    A novel feature of Freiburg was the use of multiple units and the division of leading and guided units. The Regio-Umweltkarte, introduced on 1 September , provided for itself, and previously, its own intermediate stages, partly for jumping passenger growth.

    Therefore, the VAG used the outdated Sputnik trams from until The Regio-Umweltkarte in addition to its own monthly ticket, had a connection card available for travel across neighbouring regions costing 15 Deutsche Mark.

    In , the environmental points ticket also led to a reduction in ticket prices by about 25 percent which was also the case in Basel.

    This led to a spark in further traffic and environmental issues across Germany [32]. In , the VAG completed the project of providing a tram line to Landwasser by extending the former terminus at Paduaallee by 1.

    When the first motor trams of the GT8N series were delivered, the VAG was able to offer its passengers a low-floor entry starting from If the first trams only had a low-floor section of seven percent and therefore a depth rise of five doors, the second low-floor generation of had a low-floor section of 48 percent and barrier-free access to three out of the four doors.

    From , only low-floor units were purchased. Parallel to investments in vehicle parking, VAG equipped almost all older stops across the network to have 24 centimetre high platforms.

    The route runs parallel to Berliner Alllee and crosses the B31 a and the Dreisam. This meant that the Western Railway Depot received a railway link for the first time.

    The northern depot was demolished in , while the southern depot now houses a museum. The link to the newly developed district of Rieselfeld was established in The terminal loop at Rieselfeld turns around a residential building, the so-called "Tram-Turm".

    There was controversy when the link connecting Pressehaus and the Innenstadt were taking place. The costs for this project amount to about 30 million Euros.

    Later, it was decided to implement the first-named routed as part of the "Stadtbahn Rotteckring". The district of Vauban, built on the site of a former barracks in , also had access to the tram network in after three years of construction.

    The tram had on the most part its own green body. On 15 March , the 1. Part of this project was also the construction of the stop at Reutebachgasse about 50 metres to the north.

    Part of the terminal loop is located at the Gundelfinger boundary, so trams leave the region of Freiburg here. The cost of this construction project amassed From the beginning of June to the end of October , tracks at the junction of Bertoldsbrunnen were renovated after the points had broken out.

    By counting the number of passengers on the night services in November , it was reported that a high four-digit number of passengers use the service a night.

    Since February , the normal spelling of "Messe" has been used. The five tram lines, all of which are cross-city routes, serve a total of 73 stops.

    The average distance between stops in was metres. Trams run between 5am and 0: The line length is This is likely to run until December The entire network is located within tariff zone A, which means that for a tram ride, the tariff is level 1.

    The model of success is the so-called "Regio-Karte". It is readily available and is valid throughout the network. Single tickets cost 2.

    In addition, a day ticket Regio 24 and various other tickets are also available. Bikes are not permitted in any tram on the network.

    There are ticket machines in all carriages and at important stops. Passengers wanting to buy tickets from the driver is no longer possible and has been the case since the start of The following table shows all openings and closures in passenger-oriented trams.

    Temporary routes are not included. Lines were originally given letters before they were allocated Arabic numerals in Each line had its own destinations, which differed in colour.

    The official introduction of colour-coded lines took place in the Summer of However, these were not displayed at all times on trams, but were only partly used for internal distinction or listed on the transit map.

    As a special feature, the VAG introduced a line reform in , when the colours of the lines were changed and coloured roll signs were introduced to display the line number.

    This was also only the case in a few other German cities. The night service "Safer Traffic" was originally served by buses from , but have largely been tram-operated since 14 December In , after a good experience with the GT8 Geamatic, which was delivered in , a further series of ten vehicles were commissioned with service numbers on the route to Landwasser.

    The high-floor uni-directional trams were delivered with the white and red Freiburg livery and have two front headlights. The second series used for the first time a direct current controller, which was operated via set point transmitter.

    It allows a largely jerka-free acceleration and deceleration. Compared to the first series, which had scissor pantographs , the second series had single-arm pantographs.

    Tram is now used as an historic tram, tram was scrapped in and trams and were sold to the Ulm tram network in , where they were merged into a two-wheeled tram using number From to , trams and were again put into use due to the renovation of the GT8Zs.

    For this purpose, tram , which had not been used for years, had to be reactivated and was the first tram to have an LED display, whilst the remaining vehicles were renovated in March Due to the introduction of the second Urbos series at the start of , tram was retired once more.

    In , Duewag delivered another series of eleven developed GT8s for a unit price of 2. Unlike its predecessors, the GT8N have a low-floor middle section, which allows a barrier-free entry.

    In , all trams had a matrix display installed. The trams were modernised by the Czech company Cegelec, who replaced the obsolete thyristor technology with relatively new insulated-gate bipolar transistors IGBT technology, which was a further development to the thyristor.

    The modernisation process was completed in ,. The eleven trams are generally only used on weekdays. At the beginning of the s, Freiburg was looking for modern low-floor trams.

    For this reason, it was a good idea to order a series of 26 GT8Y with a low-floor share of 48 percent in to start the Haid route. The purchase price was 4 million Deutsche Mark each.

    At the same time, the last remaining GT4s were decommissioned. For more than 20 years of operation, there were some instances of rusting, but this has been eradicated since they were modernised in In addition, Cegelec replaced the electronics including two new liquid crystal displays in the centre cabin and replacing the seat cushions.

    In early , , , and were being modernised and therefore were not in use. After a test phase in , during which time operation on line 3 was limited, trams that had been modernised were running on lines 2 and 5 from March When the route to Rieselfeld and Haslach had been opened, the need for trams continued to rise.

    The first seven-part bi-directional trams were delivered in Because of serious design deficiencies, all Combinos had to be withdrawn from circulation in Some screws had become loose and had to be resolved, causing considerably restricted operation.

    The reason behind this, which occurred worldwide, was a false calculation of the body. Erroneous values were calculated on high-floored units. In addition, subscribers to the newsletter may be informed by e-mail, as long as this is necessary for the operation of the newsletter service or a registration in question, as this could be the case in the event of modifications to the newsletter offer, or in the event of a change in technical circumstances.

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